63 Synonyms & Antonyms of DEFECTS

And the indefatigable application with which they have supplied the defects of early culture. Whether you’re a teacher or a learner, Vocabulary.com can put you or your class on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement. Stories about zombie plants, Mercury’s craters, and a real-life Star Trek all contributed words to this list of vocabulary from the week’s news. Using the extreme programming technique of ‘pair programming’, the rate of defects is lower. Thus, it can be hypothesized that pair programming is an effective technique to reduce new defects when either new code or existing code is worked on. Performance testing (this may need to be done in a test lab the Team doesn’t control) to find defects and holes to be plugged.

definition of defect

A QC professional can often suggest appropriate tolerances for known defects for your product. But it’s ultimately up to you as the buyer to specify your tolerance for each kind of quality defect. Importers have the power to specify how many of each type of defect they’re willing to accept in their finished goods. This tolerance, in turn, impacts how many units per SKU an inspector would check during inspection—the sample size.

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Updating your QC checklist can help prevent the recurrence of known quality defects in your received shipments. Critical defects are the most serious of the three defect types. Critical defects render an item completely unusable and/or could cause harm to the user or someone in the vicinity of the product.

In other words, a defect is an error in coding or logic that causes a program to malfunction or to produce incorrect/ unexpected results. If someone is harmed by a latent defect, they may be able to recover damages or receive a refund or replacement. In contrast, a patent defect is one that can be easily discovered through normal inspection.

It can cause microcephaly, a birth defect where a baby’s head is smaller than usual. Millions of customers defected to rival http://www.vielmehr.org/?Sponsoren telecommunications companies. The report cited structural defects as the reason for the demolition of the building.

  • Related Module / Component indicates the module or component of the software where the defect was detected.
  • And the customer wouldn’t likely return an item due to a minor defect alone.
  • Is applied to a defect in quality, caused by imperfect structure or brought about during manufacture (as in texture of cloth, in clearness of glass, etc.).
  • Minor defects are usually small, insignificant issues that don’t affect the function or form of the item.
  • There is evidence that air pollution can cause birth defects.
  • The short answer is that failing to meet customer requirements makes a product defective.

The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. Add defect to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. Construction defect reporting using mobile and digital workbench technologies.

More from Merriam-Webster on defect

Different quality defects can appear in different products depending on materials, production processes and standards used. Below are some common examples of minor, major and critical defects in different product types. Most importers set a lower limit for major defects than minor defects in their inspected sample size. They’ll often accept an order with relatively few major defects.

definition of defect

But as the buyer, always consider the severity of different defect types and their effect on your customers and brand when setting tolerances. Identifying quality defects in your order before shipment is essential to ensuring your goods meet your customers’ expectations. This defect classification list might extend to include 20 or even 30 different types of defects depending on your product type. The more information you can provide, the better prepared your QC team and supplier will be. Accounting for every single quality defect may not be possible.

Defect Sentence Examples

If we don’t consider a product defective, but a customer comes back with a complaint about it, it helps us understand what the customer truly needs. Depending on the item, serious safety concerns could arise from use of a defective product. For example, putting a defective part in a car engine could lead to engine failure and potentially fatal consequences if this failure results in an accident. DisclaimerAll content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Reports detailing defects / bugs in software are known as defect reports / bug reports. A second major pattern of failure is a team not seeing any impediments, yet they have many open defects that are not quickly repaired.

The process of finding the cause of bugs is known as debugging. Congenital defects occurred in 30% of babies born in areas where the weapons were used. To refer to a physical problem, as they think it suggests that a person is not as good as other people. Often confused with deficiency, which is a quantitative shortcoming. Needs to review the security of your connection before proceeding.

But the more complete the list of potential defects you provide, the more likely your supplier will be to heed your tolerances. Your QC inspector is also far more likely to apply the same standard when checking your products against a complete QC checklist. This document should include an exhaustive list of common and known quality defects with your product type. Would you classify this quality defect as “minor” or “major”? You might say untrimmed threads are a “minor” defect that don’t affect the salability of the product.

In most cases, the customer wouldn’t even notice a minor defect on a product. And the customer wouldn’t likely return an item due to a minor defect alone. And considering the quantity and severity of different types of defects found helps you make an informed shipping decision. Search “product defect” online, and you’ll find many examples of companies whose defects have caused serious problems for their customers. One notorious example is that of the Samsung Galaxy Note 7 defective cell phone batteries.

It is a general rule that pleadings shall have these two requisites; 1. That it be deduced and expressed according to the forms of law. The pill, by contrast, is only 98 to 99 percent effective, even when free of defects. This imaging capability will help researchers validate models that predict the behavior of materials and how they form defects. During fast heating, the transition takes place at higher temperature at which grains with less defects form. When the national hockey team visited the U.S., half the players defected.

But they’re likely to reject an order, or ask their supplier to hold or rework it, if the goods fail inspection due to an excessive number of major defects found. An importer’s tolerance for minor defects tends to be greater than that for major or critical defects, given their relative severity. Third-party inspection companies can inspect your order and report to you the number and types of defects found in the inspected sample size. Their report will typically show you the total number of defects found in comparison to the number of defects allowed based on your tolerances.

Or you might consider them a “major” defect if you distribute your product to a high-end retailer with a lower tolerance for quality issues. If you don’t understand what a good product is (i.e., a product that meets all customer requirements), then it will be impossible to determine when a product is defective. Talk to your customers to truly understand their needs, and ensure that all personnel know the difference between “good” product and “bad” product. If defective products make it out to customers, this can result in increased complaints, poor reviews, and possibly developing the reputation of being an unreliable supplier.

A product with a major defect departs significantly from the buyer’s product specifications. Major defects are those which could adversely affect the function, performance or appearance of a product. Minor defects are usually small, insignificant issues that don’t affect the function or form of the item.

Imagine you’re manufacturing women’s blouses in Indonesia. A product inspection report from your QC partner shows about one third of the blouses have untrimmed threads. 128, 541; 1 Day, 315; 4 Conn, 190; 5 Conn. 416; 6 Conn. 176; 12 Conn. 455; 1 P. While it is important to track defects to understand them, it is also important to make sure the tracking method used is simple. If tracking becomes too complicated, people may cease to use the method and fail to recognize defects when they occur. The incidence of the normally rare birth defect is 10 times higher than normal.

defect | Business English

When we track defects, we can work to understand the root cause of their production. Once the root cause is identified, we can work to improve our processes so that we reduce the number of defective products produced – or eliminate them all together. The tropical virus is blamed for causing severe birth defects, and some governments are warning women not to get pregnant for the next two years. There are protections against latent defects in both real and personal property sales.

These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. While all of them helped make this article a better one, they cannot be held responsible for any defects that remain. All the defects were either contiguous to the tricuspid annulus or close to it .

That which is subject to a defect is missing a requisite element and, therefore, is not legally binding. Defective Service of Process, for example, is service that does not comply with a procedural or jurisdictional requirement. A defective will is one that has not been properly drawn up, has been obtained by unlawful means, or does not comply with a particular law. In some cases, however, defects can be cured; for example, defective service of process can be cured by the service of an amended complaint. Understanding what type of defect occurred and what the implications are helps with risk assessment and determining how to improve the process. There are times when we may not actually know what our customer requires.

For subjects of both rank types, the higher the expectation of defection, the higher the probability of defecting. First trimester insults affecting neurogenesis are unlikely, as gross structural defects would be expected. They are already used frequently in structural analysis, for example to detect micro- or nanoscale defects. But the argument from selective refutation can be misleading when it causes us to fail to notice that the surviving hypothesis has its own defects. Most disturbing is the finding that once players learn that their opponent has either cooperated or defected, almost all defect. Some of the mayor’s long-time supporters have defected to other candidates.

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While it is good to have inspection steps to avoid sending defective products to customers, defects are still waste, and their creation should be reduced as much as possible. The short answer is that failing to meet customer requirements makes a product defective. However, there are near infinite possibilities as to what in a given process actually caused the defect. This is why it is important to track and understand when defects occur so that they can be prevented in the future. And remember to continually update your defect classifications to add new quality defects or adjust your tolerances for new orders.

For example, when buying real property, the buyer is usually responsible for examining the property before purchase and taking responsibility for its condition. However, if the seller conceals or fails to disclose a latent defect, the buyer may be protected from the consequences of the defect. Similarly, when buying goods, the buyer may be able to revoke acceptance of the goods if a hidden defect is discovered. There is evidence that air pollution can cause birth defects.

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